Защита окружающей среды во время вооруженных конфликтов

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Аннотация

Охрана окружающей среды во время вооруженных конфликтов редко рассматривается в качестве приоритетной задачи. С учетом концепции государственного суверенитета это особенно проблематично при рассмотрении вопроса о вмешательстве в военные действия и защите окружающей среды в конфликтах, не имеющих международного характера. Трудно найти какие-либо исчерпывающие и четкие правовые положения, регулирующие этот вопрос, так как он забыт международными правоведами. Поэтому в данной статье автор рассматривает нормы, закрепленные в документах различных отраслей международного права, таких как права человека, международное гуманитарное право, экологическое право, международное уголовное право, которые непосредственно или путем толкования могут способствовать охране окружающей среды во время внутреннего вооруженного конфликта. Это должно быть сделано для того, чтобы собрать информацию о достаточности правовой базы по сохранению окружающей среды во время такого рода вооруженных конфликтов. На основе проведенного исследования предлагается несколько возможных способов совершенствования существующей правовой базы. Автор рекомендует ввести гражданскую ответственность, принять новый комплексный документ, инициирует изменения в международном уголовном праве и другое.

Об авторе

T. L. Aimée Murphie
Финансовый университет
Россия


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35. Ibid

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41. Ibid

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58. Ibid

59. Right to property, however, can be subjects of limitation during times of the emergency situation

60. Hampson, F. J. The Relationship between International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law from the Perspective of a Human Rights Treaty Body. International Review of a Red Cross. 2008, 90, 549-572

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64. More about location, purpose and use, see in Solis, G. D. supra note 1, p. 524-528

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67. Bothe, M.; Bruch, C.; Diamond, J. and Jensen, D., op. cit., p. 577

68. Falk, R. The Environmental Law of War: an Introduction. Environmental Protection and the Law of War. London: Belhaven Press, 1992, p. 93

69. Ibid., p. 66

70. Gasser, P., Proposal for Action. American Journal of International Law. 1995, (89): 637-643, p. 639

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72. Smith, T. Criminal Accountability or Civil Liability: Which Approach Most Effectively Redresses the Negative Environmental Consequences of Armed Conflict? International Law and Armed Conflict. Challenges in the 21st Century. The Hague: Asser Press, 2010, p. 95-114, see p. 104

73. Smith, T., op. cit., p. 104

74. Drumbl, M. A. Waging War against the World: the Need to Move from War Crimes to Environmental Crimes. Environmental Consequences of War. Legal, Economic and Scientifc Perspectives. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 620-646, see p. 644

75. Roberts, A. The Law of War and Environmental Damage. Environmental Consequences of War. Legal, Economic and Scientifc Perspectives. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid: Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 47-86, see p. 77

76. The London Round Table Conference on ‘A “Fifth Geneva” Convention on the Protection of the Environment in Time of Armed Conflict.’ Read about the conference in more detail in the following section

77. Turk, H., supra note 54, p. 99

78. Drumbl, M. A., supra note 58, p. 640

79. Ripa di Meana, C. Environmental Protection and the Law of War. Introductory Speech. London: Belhaven press, 1992, p. 65-67

80. Turk, H., supra note 54, p. 101

81. Brunch, C. E. Introduction. Environmental Consequences of War. Legal, Economic and Scientific Perspectives. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid: Cambridge University Press, 2000


Дополнительные файлы

Для цитирования: Aimée Murphie T.L. Защита окружающей среды во время вооруженных конфликтов. Review of Business and Economics Studies. 2018;6(2):19-29.

For citation: Aimée Murphie T.L. Protection of Environment during Armed Conflicts. Review of Business and Economics Studies. 2018;6(2):19-29. (In Russ.)

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