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Система коммерциализации выбросов Евросоюза (EU ETS) и авиация: оценка эффективности системы торговли квотами на выбросы в Евросоюзе для сокращения выбросов от авиаперелетов

https://doi.org/10.26794/2308-944X-2021-9-1-84-120

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Аннотация

В настоящее время авиационный сектор считается одним из наиболее быстрорастущих источников выбросов парниковых газов. Пытаясь сократить эти выбросы рентабельным образом, Евросоюз в 2012 г. решил включить все рейсы, прибывающие и вылетающие из Евросоюза, в свою Систему коммерциализации выбросов (EU ETS). Идея ETS состоит в том, что, установив потолок выбросов и разрешив торговлю квотами между секторами, заниматься сокращением выбросов можно там, где это дешевле и проще всего сделать. В какой мере EU ETS, используя модель общего синтетического контроля для оценки противоположного сценария, удалось сократить выбросы авиационного сектора в 2012–2018 гг.? Результаты исследования свидетельствуют: при использовании расхода реактивного топлива как показателя выбросов применение ЕС ETS привело к 10%-ному увеличению расхода данного вида топлива по сравнению со сценарием, в котором он не был критерием.

Об авторе

А. М. Хейас
Durham University Business School
Великобритания


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Для цитирования:


Хейас А.М. Система коммерциализации выбросов Евросоюза (EU ETS) и авиация: оценка эффективности системы торговли квотами на выбросы в Евросоюзе для сокращения выбросов от авиаперелетов. Review of Business and Economics Studies. 2021;9(1):84-120. https://doi.org/10.26794/2308-944X-2021-9-1-84-120

For citation:


Heiaas A.M. The EU ETS and Aviation: Evaluating the Effectiveness of the EU Emission Trading System in Reducing Emissions from Air Travel. Review of Business and Economics Studies. 2021;9(1):84-120. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.26794/2308-944X-2021-9-1-84-120

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