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Потребление возобновляемой энергии и его основные движущие мотивы в странах Латинской Америки и Карибского бассейна: анализ надежности между статическими и динамическими моделями панельных данных

https://doi.org/10.26794/2308-944X-2021-9-1-37-61

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Аннотация

В статье представлены результаты исследования предпочтений и движущих мотивов потенциальных потребителей возобновляемой энергии в 22 странах Латинской Америки и Карибского бассейна в 2005–2014 гг. Для того чтобы учесть наличие эндогенности, специфичных для конкретной страны компонентов и серийной корреляции в наблюдениях, автор использует метод sys-GMM. В результате исследования подтвердилось динамическое поведение потребителей «зеленой энергии». Определяющими факторами потребления этого чистого источника энергии являются показатели ВВП и выбросы CO2 на душу населения. Положительный эффект ВВП на душу населения означает, что неистощаемый альтернативный источник использовался для удовлетворения растущего спроса на энергию, который наблюдался из-за ускорения экономического роста в данном регионе. В свою очередь, отрицательный эффект выбросов CO2 на душу населения отражает вес ископаемого топлива в структуре энергопотребления. Поскольку ряд стран региона являются производителями нефти, существующий уровень нефтяных цен не мотивирует их на переход к возобновляемым источникам энергии.

Об авторе

С. Менендес-Карбо
Universidad ECOTEC
Эквадор
ScopusId=57218294328


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Для цитирования:


Менендес-Карбо С. Потребление возобновляемой энергии и его основные движущие мотивы в странах Латинской Америки и Карибского бассейна: анализ надежности между статическими и динамическими моделями панельных данных. Review of Business and Economics Studies. 2021;9(1):37-61. https://doi.org/10.26794/2308-944X-2021-9-1-37-61

For citation:


Menéndez-Carbo S. Renewable Energy Consumption and its Main Drivers in Latin American and Caribbean Countries: A Robust Analysis Between Static and Dynamic Panel Data Models. Review of Business and Economics Studies. 2021;9(1):37-61. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.26794/2308-944X-2021-9-1-37-61

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